The user interface is examined during this kind of API testing. UI testing concentrates on the interface experience that connects to the API to ensure the expected experience. QA teams develop an API testing checklist to assess the functionality, effectiveness, and accessibility of the software app’s front and back end. To put it simply, unit testing is a kind of software testing in which discrete parts of a program are examined and evaluated.

APIs, or application programming interfaces, have taken over the software industry. APIs provide critical pathways for software components to communicate, an essential service as software becomes increasingly interconnected and complex. But the reality for testers is that APIs are yet another multiplier of the time, effort, and complexity needed to maintain quality. Automation is another key best practice and is helpful for repetitive testing tasks and processes that are difficult to conduct manually. Automation is critical for achieving continuous delivery since it allows software teams to run more tests in less time, accelerate testing life cycles, and increase testing efficiency.

Kubernetes Security in Your CI/CD Pipeline — Container Journal

Kubernetes Security in Your CI/CD Pipeline.

Posted: Wed, 09 Nov 2022 13:00:42 GMT [source]

As a testing framework, NUnit was employed, and this tool was used for all of the tests. It is an open-source tool that may be used to develop scripts manually. But the manual approach is typically preferred in other scenarios, such as when it’s impossible to develop automated test cases to cover every possible scenario.

Use a comprehensive API testing tool.

Additionally, this data can be used for compliance and investigations to help repair damage. However, since too much intervention may affect functionality and latency, out-of-bad API security tests can be run offline using an AI engine. When an AI engine identifies a vulnerability, that information can then be transferred to the active API.

We at MindInventory have team of experienced and qualified software testing professionals who help You build flawless and high quality products with complete focus on end-users requirements. Check out some of the amazing work that we do at MindInventory and how we help build awesome products for people around the world. APIs are the glue between back-end infrastructure and end-user applications, which makes an API a great insertion point for testing. API testing allows teams to quickly uncover usability and performance issues before their users are impacted. During the testing phase, developers should always try to simulate the exact conditions the API will encounter in an official production or public release capacity. Doing so will ensure that the test results accurately reflect not just the API’s ability to correctly function, but also to perform adequately when subjected to its intended working environment.

api testing best practices

APIs are widely used and critical to consumers, customers, and developers, acting as the software bridge between applications. Software AG’s webMethods provides an API security solution that can integrate with other API security products to align with your organization’s cybersecurity strategy. The holistic approach to API management provided by webMethods makes it the ideal API security solution—no matter what other products you might be using. In 2021, Gartner predicted that by 2022, API attacks would be the most-frequent attack vector, causing data breaches for enterprise web applications.. The growth the number of APIs, as well asthe exponential increase in API usage, has made businesses realize the importance of API security. Manual testing is often too time-consuming and tends to neglect edge cases and vulnerabilities that stem from the communication between services.

What is an API?

SlashData found that more than 90% of developers use API- a feat significant to demonstrate the significance of the interface. The first post, which can be found here, provided api testing best practices a brief introduction on APIs, API testing and its relevance to the testing world. This post will feature some best practices for everybody involved in API testing.

  • In addition, postman enables Boolean test writing and allows extraction of web API data.
  • Mabl is the leading intelligent, low-code test automation solution that enables high-velocity software teams to tightly integrate automated end-to-end tests into the entire development lifecycle.
  • Assertions are the rules that express the projected response from any given API request.
  • A key benefit of API testing is having access to the application without a user interface and thus early identification of code-level issues which helps in earlier test maintenance.
  • Consider the cost.The tool should be affordable – you should be able to buy one or two licenses at a time.
  • With APIs, your business can add value to workflows by leveraging advanced technologies ranging from the Internet of Things to artificial intelligence, robotics, and social media.

This type of process is used to evaluate the standalone features or functions of the software. Its primary function is to act as a test bed for various components and features. Unit testing requires little input from the user and returns a single, meaningful output. Object-oriented languages use the terms Base/Superclass, abstract class, and Derived/Child class. Especially with black-box testing tools, error reporting for REST APIs is tricky, as the amount of tested parameter combinations is unknown.

What is Unit Testing?

Another feature being used extensively is API Automation, which lets you set up tests and write test suites. The first step to begin is to perform a smoke test before proceeding with the functional test of the APIs. API testing is faster and easy to perform as it doesn’t require GUI to be readily available. It is completely independent of any particular programming language since it requires data exchange using XML or JSON. The new version of an API will likely hamper the entire application. As there are multiple dependent components, carrying out a change is often elevated to risk and uncertain in terms of its executions.

It offers excellent security since APIs remove typical software vulnerabilities; thus, the application will be better protected. The popularity of APIs is constantly growing, and QA engineers can extensively investigate the logic level of the software’s architecture by following the methods described in this article. Tens of thousands of APIs are released on the internet every year.

The best way to monitor and report REST API tests is with coverage-guided testing approaches, as they can provide meaningful coverage and error reports. Meanwhile, SOAP is an actual protocol, built to enable applications to communicate across languages and platforms. REST APIs are generally seen as more flexible and faster than SOAP protocols.

Resources: API Testing

OpenAPI Specification like swagger defines a standard language-agnostic interface with REST API for java. This allows both humans to discover and comprehend the service’s capabilities without needing to have access to source code or documentation. The service can be understood and accessed by the consumer with little to no implementation logic when it is well defined. Increased user protection when sending or receiving sensitive data between different applications, programs, or platforms. Today, application programming interfaces, known as APIs, rule our online world.

These groups are based on the same test script and further stored in a library. As a developer, I have acquired a wealth of experience and knowledge in C#, software architecture, unit testing, DevOps, and Azure. I enjoy working on complex systems that require creative solutions.

When doing unit tests, it is essential to ensure that each test can stand independently. Unit tests may fail if they rely on external dependencies when making updates or improvements. It may also make running and debugging test cases more complicated. That’s why ensuring that the cases in your unit tests can stand independently is crucial. Unit test cases should be separate from each other so that if changes need to be made, they can be done without affecting the others.

api testing best practices

Unit testing is one of the most valuable types of automated testing. Many teams start wrong and then give up due to not reaping the benefits they were looking for. This above example is ideal because now we are resetting the state between each test and ensuring nothing in previous tests leaks into subsequent ones. Move repeated code in previous tests to before or beforeEach hooks.

The business logic layer represents a set of functions and procedures that make up the API. If an API is not adequately tested, both the API application and the client application may have issues. The SOAP API uses a standardized set of message patterns to carry out actions. It uses a unique method called an envelope to send the message. This may provide greater security and, occasionally, less code. However, the SOAP API does have the drawback of being slower and bulkier.

Continuous Integration Testing For APIs

Fuzz Testing – It is a test that checks how APIs respond when there is an invalid or unnecessary input. We have mixed views on whether it is better to include an API version in URLs or a header. This allows the search to be performed across all versions of the browser, ensuring a seamless development experience. If you are unable to find a resource, do not throw an exception. Instead, send the appropriate response codes in your response message like 404 or send back a 500 code if there is a server error.

api testing best practices

As a result, stay away from magic strings and stick to standard naming patterns. With the use of the «Act» phase, this pattern helps to limit the mingling of assertions by separating them from the «assemble» and «assert» processes, which are necessary for testing. Early issue fixes and cost reductions are made possible by using unit tests.

APIs: Testing the Center of the Online Universe

To design high quality rest api with java it is imporatnt to follow some of the conventions and rest api best practices. Learn more about how ReadyAPI can help your data driven testing strategy by watching the video on our data driven testing documentation page. It’s worthwhile to note that many organizations use highly unrealistic, narrowly focused performance and security tests that are also hamstrung by narrow sets of hard-coded test data. If an API undergoes multiple changes and a new error is uncovered during the regression testing process, it can be a monumental task to determine precisely which modification caused the flaw.

Unit testing encourages programmers to plan the software’s architecture and requirements before creating code. It may be easier for developers to focus and provide creative solutions for their ideas. To design high-quality RESTAPIs, it is important to follow web conventions and standards. The rest api best practices outlined above can help you meet your development targets using REST API with java . A platform that manages APIs can make it easy to create successful APIs even if you don’t know much about coding. Although REST can use almost any protocol it is compatible with, it typically uses HTTP for Web APIs.

Consulting a library of stored API requests and responses makes identifying the moment that the new problem occurred – and correcting it – much less of a hassle. For now, however, following basic API best practices will help to provide robust protection for all stakeholders. Using a combination of real-time and out-of-band threat detection balances the potential for both user and AI-generated threats. While connected to the Web, API security uses an API gateway, WAF, or agent applying a set of rules, with each request and response subjected to these rules. As previously mentioned, API gateways integrate and work well with all the other components to API security, such as WAFs and stand-alone API security products. When looking at your API ecosystem, it’s important that you don’t forget about API integrations and the third-party APIs that you will be integrating with.

92% of respondents say they need to enhance cloud security skills while 84% confirmed they needed to add staff to close the gap. Only 27% of responding organizations were confident in their ability to address all cloud security alerts. It is true that some of the cloud service providers employ robust security mechanisms in place. But the inadequate due diligence of the security posture can increase the overall risk relating to the security aspects. In case you are planning to make the migration to the cloud environment, you have to perform sufficient due diligence.

By leveraging cloud technology, you can focus on collaboration more easily for your staff to work together and create better concepts and solutions quicker than before. Cloud service providers make sure to maintain the most precise security measures for their clients. From authentic digital protections to high-end physical ones, they prioritize cybersecurity first.

  • With proper safety measures and cloud migration techniques, you can go for secure data transfer along with low risk from attackers.
  • This new storage is useful from the standpoint of providing direct access without the need to set the application up and store it on your computer.
  • You will always be able to deploy an independent replica of your application on another cloud provider’s infrastructure.
  • In this case, companies will choose Platform-as-a-Service to run the existing code on the new platform.

Don’t get hyped and rush into shifting your workloads quickly to a cloud platform even if somebody recommends it. What is beneficial for an organization can become destructive for your business. Without proper planning and a rock-solid cloud migration strategy, you may end up with system failures and huge expenses.

Data Analytics

The impact is most likely worse when using IaaS due to an insider’s ability to provision resources or perform nefarious activities that require forensics for detection. These forensic capabilities may not be available with cloud resources. The National Institute of Standards and Technology cloud model provides a definition of cloud computing and how it can be used and deployed. However, this can be avoided by optimizing the cost of the cloud by following a few practices. It includes erasing underused instances, use discounts, check hosting in different regions, spend on reserved instances, fix alerts, etc. It offers flexibility and scalability while protecting the users from getting additional servers.

In addition, do your best to avoid data loss and/or incomplete data deletion, overspending, and added latency. If you can manage to fend off these issues, cloud migration can do wonders for your business. If you have applications that require immediate responses, delay in a few seconds can pose serious damage to your business. It can not only lead to frustration and disappointment but also impact your brand reputation. Also, you should decide what to migrate to the cloud and what to leave on your on-premise data centers. If you need to adopt a hybrid strategy (combining a public cloud and an on-premise data center), you have to plan accordingly.

Cloud data migration risks

You need to pay for compute, data transfer and storage in cloud computing. And every cloud vendor provides several storage services, instance types, and transfer choices based on your price needs, use case, and performance expectations. Because cloud data is inherently accessible, increasing government regulation concerning data protection is increasing. These regulations apply to cloud service providers, but companies must also take specific measures to ensure they comply with their end. Requirements can be particularly stringent in sensitive industries such as healthcare, finance, and government agencies.

Risk #2: Potential Data Loss

However, there are multiple risks of security and reliability also involved in cloud migration. Cost.Even though reaching the benefits of cloud migration requires extra time and effort, the result saves you money in the long run. Transferring has its cost, but then you won’t need to pay for storing as much as you did before. This is possible it becomes unnecessary to invest in extra IT operations and support previous physical servers.

Cloud providers’ pricing models are flexible; however, sometimes hard to understand particularly in case you are a newbie in this field. According to the estimation of Gartner analysts Craig Lowery and Brandon Medford, as much as 70% of cloud costs get wasted. Employees can access files and documents at the same time and update them in real-time. And this capacity of collaborating easily helps boost proficiency.

It is also important to decide what to migrate from your on-premise data centers to the cloud and what to leave there. A hybrid strategy (combining a public cloud and an on-premise data center) requires planning. It is not advisable to store financial records, client information, in the public cloud. As a result, GDPR standards do not allow healthcare and finance organizations to store sensitive information on public cloud platforms.

This is another common mistake that can expose companies to unnecessary risk. In short, it’s a good idea to assess all programs and operations to determine if they will benefit from being on the cloud. But in a race of cloud adoption, businesses often underestimate risks in cloud migration such as data loss, added latency, lack of visibility, secur… Vendor lock-in is a common risk that arises while migrating to the cloud computing environment.

Risk #3: Cloud Security Risks

Data Gravity becomes difficult to test if an application and its data are not working as it should in the cloud. Most replication-based migration tools require data to be moved before the apps due to improper sequencing problems. Data migration is the process of transferring data from one system to another system, known as the target system, using a variety of tools and techniques. It may not be possible for you to have the expertise of a specialist to solve all of your cloud migration problems.

In our follow-up post, Best Practices for Cloud Security, we explore a series of best practices aimed at helping organizations securely move data and applications to the cloud. First and foremost, you have to decide whether you go with one cloud provider or opt for managing multiple cloud platforms. If you settle on one cloud provider, there is a risk of a vendor lock-in. On the other side, you can make your code work with more than one cloud provider and balance workloads between several cloud platforms.

Chaotic Cloud Migration Strategy

According to study, the complexity around security is the major cloud migration risk that maximum companies (57%) encounter followed by pricing and legacy infrastructure. Some experts say that cloud backups are more secure than internal backups. Using cloud-based backups, you can store your data safely in high-end data centers run by the tech giants globally. These companies have several teams working 24×7 for securing your data. The data centers and some top cloud providers globally safeguard your data.

Cloud data migration risks

According to the recent Deloitte report, investment in the fintech industry is expected t… Connect to business partners and ecosystems for digital commerce and/or data exchanges. Our People Achieving your goals is much easier with a strong team by your side. It is made up of savvy entrepreneurs, industry experts, and technology enthusiasts who work together towards a common vision. Pavan Rao is a programmer / Developer by Profession and Cloud Computing Professional by choice with in-depth knowledge in AWS, Azure, Google Cloud Platform. He helps the organisation figure out what to build, ensure successful delivery, and incorporate user learning to improve the strategy and product further.

Based on our literature searches and analysis efforts, the following list of cloud-unique and shared cloud/on-premise vulnerabilities and threats were identified. The figure below also details the threat picture for cloud computing platforms. As organizations move more and more mission-critical systems to the cloud, there are growing concerns about the security risks of cloud migration. Cloud security is now well understood, and there are well-established tools and methodologies for protecting cloud workloads. However, these security methods can break down in the crossover from on-premise to cloud environments, leading to catastrophic breaches or data exposure. Then, elaborate on the list of KPIs that may refer to business performance and overcoming legacy infrastructure problems.

According to a recent survey from Dimensional Research, 95% of respondents say visibility problems have led them to experience an application or network performance issue. And 38% state that insufficient visibility is a key factor in application outages and 31% — in network outages. Infrastructure as code is a key enabler for efficient migration of legacy systems to the cloud. Make sure to configure the migrated data’s backup to save lots of time and money.

Public Cloud Security: Running Private Workloads In The Public Cloud

If you’re considering the cloud exit strategy, it may happen that you cannot get your data from the cloud computing environment. The situation is relevant for already outdated pieces of information you’d better get rid of, replace, or store on your hardware as an external database. However, in the race to cloud adoption, cloud security is often overlooked. Remember, cloud application development involves utilizing a «shared responsibility model» with the cloud service provider your organization chooses. There are far more potentially vulnerable facets when dealing with cloud services.

If some unused instances are there in the cloud migration servers, you can erase them. You need the agency specialized in the cloud migration service exactly to get a satisfactory result. This step will protect you from unnecessary delays, let you introduce cost-effective automation where needed, and make the overall process more predictable. The workload is the primary factor affecting the price tag for cloud migration. That’s why it’s highly recommended to start the process by defining all the data scope for migration at the very beginning. Also, you can apply horizontal scaling or an in-built feature in the cloud that lets it automatically calculate the extra resources on the way.

This can result from malicious intent but is often just the result of human error. Misconfiguration can, for example, open the door to unrestricted inbound Cloud data migration and outbound ports. Good security measures include restricting ports that are not necessary or strictly limiting access to authorized personnel only.

17% plan on utilizing cloud computing to some extent within the next 12 months. Additionally, Cisco estimated that 93% or more of workloads will be in the cloud by 2020. For this reason, it is absolutely essential that vendors address cloud security in every step of the cloud migration process. Unwanted latency is one of the most underestimated risks in cloud migration. It can occur when you access applications, databases, and services in the cloud. Latency is especially critical for IoT devices, e-commerce websites, video streaming solutions, and cloud gaming platforms where customer experience is crucial.

This type connects the peculiarities of public and private clouds to ensure the most effective storage for different data types. Thus malicious or suspicious traffic can be kept outside a particular scope, and your vulnerability can decline. But remember that you must employ robust security policies at your end.

As with any skilled position, your salary as a Scrum master is going to depend on the industry, your location, and your experience. In 2019 according to, the salary range for a Scrum master is $61,000 to $123,000 with the median being $90,560. The job allocation process must be accurate, there must be no task slipping, and deadlines must be met. Enables team Scrum Master collaboration and guarantees that the team takes appropriate action on all assignments. There are many differences between a Scrum Master and a Product Owner that can significantly impact a project’s success. If you’d like to see greater collaboration between your Product Owners and Scrum Masters, the help of a professional Agile coach may be exactly what you need.

Who are Scrum masters in product management

The purpose of the Sprint Retrospective is to plan ways to increase quality and effectiveness. The purpose of the Sprint Review is to inspect the outcome of the Sprint and determine future adaptations. The Scrum Team presents the results of their work to key stakeholders and progress toward the Product Goal is discussed. The Daily Scrum is not the only time Developers are allowed to adjust their plan.

When describing the features to include in the future product release to the development team, the product owner speaks on behalf of the consumers. Where the Product Owner is responsible for the product being created using Scrum, the Scrum Master is the “process owner” who keeps the team on track procedurally. Working closely with the Product Owner, they help ensure that feature requests, time boxes, and expectations from team members are reasonable within the Scrum framework. Scrum Masters also bring insight back to a Product Owner following an unsuccessful sprint to help make the next sprint more successful. 1 on 1s– Meet individually with team members and stakeholders as needed.

Scrum Masters do need project management tools and techniques. The needs and preferences of the users shape the product roadmap. Product managers are interested in business KPIs, and whether or not the overall direction of the product is correct. Conversely, the product owner creates and manages a product backlog, so they are working and have a due date. They care about Scrum, communication with developers, and completing projects.

From idea to hypotheses, to experiment, and finally validation. What is the product vision and the corresponding go-to-market strategy? The Product Owner should be the #1 person to go-to for the team if any vision or strategy questions come up. The Scrum Guide documents Scrum as developed, evolved, and sustained for 30-plus years by Jeff Sutherland and Ken Schwaber.

What Is A Typical Scrum Master Salary?

The SM also ensures that the process of getting to that outcome, the team’s working system and culture, is always evolving and improving, too. According to the most recent Dice Tech Salary Report, the average technologist makes $104,566 per year (a 6.9 percent increase between 2020 and 2021). A Scrum-related salary seems to align well with that number.

Who are Scrum masters in product management

Non-developers guide to the programming with Non-continuous consonants. You don’t have more focus than other people, even if you have the expertise. Getting Scrum master certified in any of these disciplines can potentially further your career and can mean significant pay increases.

Do I Need A Scrum Master?

Scrum Teams are cross-functional, meaning the members have all the skills necessary to create value each Sprint. They are also self-managing, meaning they internally decide who does what, when, and how. Adaptation becomes more difficult when the people involved are not empowered or self-managing.

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Scrum Masters devote themselves to the betterment of developers as well as the development process. The most effective ones will teach and coach their team, make the most of the resources and tools available, then get out of the way so people can run the Scrum process and do their jobs. These questions and more (particularly about the dynamic with product managers!) are answered below. Top 5 software engineer interview questions with detailed tips for both hiring managers and candidates. Top 5 software developer interview questions with detailed tips for both hiring managers and candidates.

The Product Owner ensures that attendees are prepared to discuss the most important Product Backlog items and how they map to the Product Goal. The Scrum Team may also invite other people to attend Sprint Planning to provide advice. Each event in Scrum is a formal opportunity to inspect and adapt Scrum artifacts. These events are specifically designed to enable the transparency required. Failure to operate any events as prescribed results in lost opportunities to inspect and adapt. Events are used in Scrum to create regularity and to minimize the need for meetings not defined in Scrum.

Stakeholder Management By Product Owners

They often meet throughout the day for more detailed discussions about adapting or re-planning the rest of the Sprint’s work. For each selected Product Backlog item, the Developers plan the work necessary to create an Increment that meets the Definition of Done. This is often done by decomposing Product Backlog items into smaller work items of one day or less. How this is done is at the sole discretion of the Developers. No one else tells them how to turn Product Backlog items into Increments of value. The Product Owner proposes how the product could increase its value and utility in the current Sprint.

Who are Scrum masters in product management

This is difficult to do if there is a problem between positions. Figuring out the difference between a product owner and a product manager can help in dividing that rift. Based on the principles of Agile, and the opinions of the majority of Agile experts, Scrum master, and product owner roles are separate and distinct positions.

Tl; Dr: 20 Questions To Ask The Product Owner To Get Up To Speed As A New Scrum Master

Scrum is a subset of project management that uses a selected set of tools and techniques to perform work and deliver value. It doesn’t exclude the possibility of integration with other processes. A project manager is a person who applies knowledge and skills of project management to lead a project from its initiation to successful closure.

  • Getting Scrum master certified in any of these disciplines can potentially further your career and can mean significant pay increases.
  • Consequently, the Sprint Backlog is updated throughout the Sprint as more is learned.
  • Try it as is and determine if its philosophy, theory, and structure help to achieve goals and create value.
  • Having a scrum master in place helps balance the cost of changing course with the benefits of efficiency.
  • The role of scrum master rotates through the team, with team members facilitating standups and retros in turn.

When there are so many opinions in the mix, it’s hard to keep everyone happy all the time. Product Owners need to be able to resolve conflict, wins trust, and convince stakeholders with their communication skills. Product Owners need to be able to communicate the product vision clearly to the Scrum team’s Developers. Despite having the word “master” in the title, the Scrum master is not in charge of the project or the development team. Instead, a Scrum master works with the product owner and the Scrum team to refine and improve processes where it makes sense. A Scrum master is a facilitator who ensures that the Scrum team follows the processes that they agreed to follow.

Product Owner Vs Product Manager Salary

Scrum masters should be comfortable doing just about anything to help their team and should be not slink away from grabbing coffees or some snacks if that’s what the team really needs. The SM treats the development process just like a product. The team’s process is iterated upon, tested and learned from, repeat! So that each agile sprint gets better, just like the product gets better with each release.

Finding the right people and the correct skills mean you will have the right captain. Various factors play into whether a business requires both a product owner and product manager. The product management role entails analyzing the market and competition while creating a vision for a product that is unique and offers value to consumers that meets their demands.

The Scrum Master is accountable for the Scrum Team’s effectiveness. They do this by enabling the Scrum Team to improve its practices, within the Scrum framework. The Product Owner may represent the needs of many stakeholders in the Product Backlog. Those wanting to change the Product Backlog can do so by trying to convince the Product Owner. The Product Owner is accountable for maximizing the value of the product resulting from the work of the Scrum Team. How this is done may vary widely across organizations, Scrum Teams, and individuals.

A Scrum Team is expected to adapt the moment it learns anything new through inspection. If any aspects of a process deviate outside acceptable limits or if the resulting product is unacceptable, the process being applied or the materials being produced must be adjusted. The adjustment must be made as soon as possible to minimize further deviation. The emergent process and work must be visible to those performing the work as well as those receiving the work.

Browse By Team Type

The Scrum Team commits to achieving its goals and to supporting each other. Their primary focus is on the work of the Sprint to make the best possible progress toward these goals. The Scrum Team and its stakeholders are open about the work and the challenges. Scrum Team members respect each other to be capable, independent people, and are respected as such by the people with whom they work. The Scrum Team members have the courage to do the right thing, to work on tough problems. Dummies has always stood for taking on complex concepts and making them easy to understand.

The Daily Scrum is a 15-minute event for the Developers of the Scrum Team. To reduce complexity, it is held at the same time and place every working day of the Sprint. If the Product Owner or Scrum Master are actively working on items in the Sprint Backlog, they participate as Developers. The purpose of the Daily Scrum is to inspect progress toward the Sprint Goal and adapt the Sprint Backlog as necessary, adjusting the upcoming planned work. The Sprint Goal, the Product Backlog items selected for the Sprint, plus the plan for delivering them are together referred to as the Sprint Backlog. Sprint Planning initiates the Sprint by laying out the work to be performed for the Sprint.